Norovirus - Symptoms, Treatment and Key Facts

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WHAT IS NOROVIRUS ILLNESS?

Norovirus, also called winter vomiting bug in the UK, is the most common cause of viral gastroenteritis in humans. It is a very contagious virus that can be transmitted from person-to-person, and also from food, water or surfaces contaminated by feces or aerosolization of vomited virus.

American Heart Association Statement on Hypertension and Cognitive Function

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AHA: RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN HYPERTENSION AND COGNITIVE FUNCTION

This article, originally from Medscape, is intended for primary care clinicians, cardiologists, psychiatrists, neurologists, internists, family medicine practitioners, nurses, public health officials, and other members of the healthcare team taking care of patients with hypertension who may be at increased risk for cognitive impairment.

COPD - Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment and Key Facts

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WHAT IS COPD

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a lung ailment that is characterized by a persistent blockage of airflow from the lungs. It is an under-diagnosed, life-threatening lung disease that interferes with normal breathing and is not fully reversible. The more familiar terms of chronic bronchitis and emphysema are no longer used; they are now included within the COPD diagnosis.

Asthma - - Symptoms, Treatment and Key Facts

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WHAT IS ASTHMA?

Asthma is a disease that affects your lungs. It causes repeated episodes of wheezing, breathlessness, chest tightness, and nighttime or early morning coughing. Asthma can be controlled by taking medicine and avoiding the triggers that can cause an attack. You must also remove the triggers in your environment that can make your asthma worse.

Healthy Diet - Basic Principles and Practical Advice for Daily Living

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HEALTHY DIET

A healthy diet is one that helps to maintain or improve overall health. A healthy diet provides the body with essential nutrition: fluid, adequate essential amino acids from protein, essential fatty acids, vitamins, minerals, and adequate calories. The requirements for a healthy diet can be met from a variety of plant-based and animal-based foods.

Tuberculosis - Symptoms, Treatment and Key Facts

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WHAT IS TUBERCULOSIS?

Tuberculosis (TB) is caused by a bacterium called Mycobacterium tuberculosis. The bacteria usually attack the lungs, but TB bacteria can attack any part of the body such as the kidney, spine, and brain. Not everyone infected with TB bacteria becomes sick. As a result, two TB-related conditions exist: latent TB infection (LTBI) and TB disease. If not treated properly, TB disease can be fatal.

Lassa fever - An Overview of the Key Facts

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WHAT IS LASSA FEVER?

Lassa fever is an acute viral illness that occurs in west Africa. The illness was discovered in 1969 when two missionary nurses died in Nigeria. The virus is named after the town in Nigeria where the first cases occurred. The virus, a member of the virus family Arenaviridae, is a single-stranded RNA virus and is zoonotic, or animal-borne.

Diabetes - An Overview of the Key Facts

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WHAT IS DIABETES?

Diabetes is a disease in which blood glucose levels are above normal. A person with prediabetes has a blood sugar level higher than normal, but not high enough for a diagnosis of diabetes. He or she is at higher risk for developing type 2 diabetes. Gestational diabetes is a type of diabetes that develops only during pregnancy. So how does one prevent Diabetes? Research studies have found that moderate weight loss and exercise can prevent or delay type 2 diabetes among adults at high-risk of diabetes.

HIV Disease - An Overview of Causes, Symptoms, Treatment and Key Facts

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OVERVIEW OF HIV DISEASE

The Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is a blood-borne virus typically transmitted via sexual intercourse, shared intravenous drug paraphernalia, and mother-to-child transmission (MTCT), which can occur during the birth process or during breastfeeding. HIV disease is caused by infection with HIV-1 or HIV-2, which are retroviruses in the Retroviridae family, Lentivirus genus.

Malaria - Causes, Symptoms, Treatment, Key Facts and WHO Recommendations

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WHAT IS MALARIA?

Malaria is a serious mosquito-borne disease caused by a parasite. People with malaria often experience fever, chills, and flu-like illness. Left untreated, they may develop severe complications and die. In 2015 an estimated 214 million cases of malaria occurred worldwide and 438,000 people died, mostly children in the African Region. About 1,500 cases of malaria are diagnosed in the United States each year.

Yellow Fever - Causes, Symptoms, Treatment and Key Facts

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WHAT IS YELLOW FEVER - The FACTS

No one knows for certain, but scientists believe that yellow fever has plagued the world for at least 3,000 years. It is believed the disease was brought into the western world on slave ships from West Africa. The first definitive evidence of yellow fever in the Americas was in Mayan manuscripts describing an outbreak of the disease in the Yucatan and Guadeloupe in 1648. Yellow fever virus is found in parts of tropical and subtropical areas in Central and South America, and Africa.

Guillain–Barré Syndrome - Causes, Symptoms, Treatment and Key Facts

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WHAT IS GUILLAIN–BARRE SYNDROME - The FACTS

Noone yet knows if there is a connection between Guillain–Barré syndrome (GBS) and Zika virus infection. It is difficult to determine if any particular pathogen or germ “causes” GBS. The Brazil Ministry of Health has reported an increased number of people who have been infected with Zika virus who also have GBS. The US Centers for Disease Control (CDC) is currently working with Brazil to study the possibility of a link between Zika and GBS.